The Museum of Hoaxes
hoax archive hoax archive hoax archive hoax archive hoax archive
 
Bizarre pictographs of Emmanuel Domenech, 1860
Burger King's Left-Handed Whopper Hoax, 1998
Man flies by own lung power, 1934
The Nazi Air Marker Hoax, 1942
A black lion: real or fake?
Rare planetary alignment decreases gravity, 1976
Iceberg floats into Sydney Harbor, 1978
Bonsai Kittens, 2000
Tourist Guy 9/11 Hoax, Sep 2001
war of the worlds
The night Martians invaded New Jersey, 1938
The Falling Soldier
Robert Capa's photo of a soldier falling backward from the impact of a shot to his head, taken during the Spanish Civil War, has often been called the greatest war photograph of all time. Its full title is "Loyalist Militiaman at the Moment of Death, Cerro Muriano, September 5, 1936."

In 1975 Phillip Knightley created a controversy by alleging in his book, The First Casualty, that the photo had been staged. His source of information was fellow journalist O.D. Gallagher. Gallagher claimed he and Capa had shared a hotel room in 1936, during which time Capa confessed staging the photo. Other skeptics then argued that the falling soldier could be seen alive in a later frame on the same roll of film.

Subsequent research has vindicated Capa. For instance, there is no evidence Gallagher and Capa ever met before 1939, which casts doubt on Gallagher's claims. And careful analysis shows the second soldier in the later frame to be a different person.

In 1996, a search of military archives identified the falling soldier as 24-year-old mill worker Federico Borrell Garcia.

Links and References


All text Copyright © 2014 by Alex Boese, except where otherwise indicated. All rights reserved.