The Museum of Hoaxes
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The Cottingley Fairies, 1917
Fake Fish Photos
Use your left ear to detect lies
The most sacred relic: the Holy Foreskin, circa 800 AD
Cursed by Allah
Adolf Hitler Baby Photo Hoax, 1933
The Sandpaper Test, 1960
The Cradle of the Deep, a literary hoax, 1929
Tourist Guy 9/11 Hoax, Sep 2001
Monkeys pick cotton, a 19th-century urban legend
The Commissar Vanishes
During the 1930s Nikolai Yezhov was one of Stalin's most powerful officials. In 1936 he was appointed People's Commissar for Internal Affairs, in which position he led brutal purges, causing him to be widely feared. Yezhov can be seen in the top photo (undated, but probably from the mid 1930s), strolling along the Moscow-Volga Canal with Stalin, Defense Commissar Kliment Voroshilov and Premier Vyacheslav Molotov. Yezhov is on the far right beside Stalin.

But Yezhov's violent methods eventually provoked a backlash, and in the late 1930s he fell out of favor. He was arrested in 1939 and executed in February 1940. In a subsequently released version of the Moscow-Volga canal photo (bottom), Yezhov was no longer present. He had been removed by political censors.

This pair of images gave its name to The Commissar Vanishes, a book (and later museum exhibit) by David King that explores the history of Soviet photo falsification. It has become one of the most famous examples of how totalitarian regimes often doctor photos in an attempt to rewrite history.

Links and References
The Commissar Vanishes.
Nikolai Yezhov, Wikipedia.
Photo Categories: Deleted Details, Politics, 1940-1959

All text Copyright © 2014 by Alex Boese, except where otherwise indicated. All rights reserved.