The Museum of Hoaxes
hoax archive hoax archive hoax archive hoax archive hoax archive
 
Cursed by Allah
September Morn, the painting that shocked the censor, 1913
The Society for Indecency to Naked Animals, 1959
Can a bar of soap between your sheets ease muscle cramps?
The Great Space Monkey Hoax, 1953
Taco Bells buys the Liberty Bell, 1996
Lord Gordon-Gordon, robber of the robber barons, 1871
The disumbrationist art hoax, 1924
Actress who claimed she was kidnapped by puritans, 1950
Monkeys pick cotton, a 19th-century urban legend
Petticoat Politics
Jefferson Davis, President of the Southern Confederacy, was captured by Union forces on May 10, 1865. According to legend, he was caught while trying to flee disguised as a woman. The reality is less colorful. Davis later explained that, when he heard the Union soldiers approaching, he grabbed what he thought was his overcoat and stepped outside. But it was very early morning, and in the darkness he had grabbed his wife's coat by mistake.

The Northern media pounced on the idea of Davis fleeing in feminine disguise, and exaggerated it to suggest that Davis was wearing a skirt, not merely a woman's overcoat. Since there were no photographs of Davis's capture, the Kellogg Brothers, Connecticut-based photographers, printed up satirical "carte-de-visites" showing Davis in women's clothing. They first photographed a model in a hoop skirt, brandishing a knife in her hand. Then they pasted Davis's head onto the body.

Links and References
Collins, K. & Wilsher, A. (July/Sep 1984). "Petticoat Politics: The Capture of Jefferson Davis." History of Photography. 8(3): 237-242.


All text Copyright © 2014 by Alex Boese, except where otherwise indicated. All rights reserved.