The Museum of Hoaxes
hoax archive hoax archive hoax archive hoax archive hoax archive
 
September Morn, the painting that shocked the censor, 1913
The Diaphote, a television hoax, 1880
The worms inside your face
Samsung invents the on/off switch
Prankster causes volcano to erupt, 1974
Jean Gauntt, the Immortal Baby, 1939
'Solar Armor' freezes man in Nevada Desert, 1874
Stotham, Massachusetts: the town that didn't exist, 1920
Pierre Brassau, Monkey Artist, 1964
The Hoaxing Hitchhiker, 1941
Death in the Air
Death in the Air: The War Diary and Photographs of a Flying Corps Pilot, published in 1933, purported to be the diary of an anonymous World War I RAF pilot killed in combat. The manuscript, which included numerous spectacular shots of aerial combat, was presented to the publisher by a Mrs. Gladys Cockburn-Lange, who claimed to be the widow of a British pilot.

The photos attracted enormous interest, since there were very few images of World War I aerial combat in existence. However, many people were skeptical. Why was the name of the pilot not revealed? How could the RAF have had no knowledge of these photos? And how could such clear shots have been taken with a camera mounted on an airplane (given the state of camera technology during WWI)?

The photos weren't definitively debunked until 1984 when archivists at the Smithsonian realized that "Mrs. Gladys Cockburn-Lange" was actually Betty Archer, the wife of Wesley David Archer, a model maker in the film industry. Archer had created models of all the aircraft, and then had superimposed images of the planes onto aerial backgrounds.

The Photos
Below are examples of three of the faked photographs, along with the captions that accompanied them in Death in the Air.


"His wings suddenly collapsed and floated past me"



"Just as he left the burning plane"



"....family group as 'twere"

Links and References
Brugioni, D. (1999). Photo Fakery. Brassey's: 100-102.
Park, E. (Jan 1985). "The Greatest Aerial Warfare Photos Go Down in Flames." Smithsonian: 103-113.


All text Copyright © 2014 by Alex Boese, except where otherwise indicated. All rights reserved.