The Museum of Hoaxes
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Dog wins art contest, 1974
Female thieves hide money in their bras, 1950
The Hitler Diary Hoax, 1983
Cat that walked 3000 miles to find its owners, 1951
Monkeys pick cotton, a 19th-century urban legend
Eccentric's last prank, 66 years after his death, 1900
Snowball the Monster Cat, 2000
The Case of the Vanishing Belly Button, 1964
Prankster causes volcano to erupt, 1974
'Solar Armor' freezes man in Nevada Desert, 1874
A Martian in the USA -- April Fool's Day, 1950

The Wiesbadener Tagblatt published a photo of a "Martian in the USA," showing American soldiers accompanying a one-legged creature with "a large head and a very small body."

The photo, as the paper subsequently explained, was created with the participation of Americans at the Wiesbaden US Army base, who posed with photographer Hans Scheffler's five-year-old son, Peter. Scheffler then replaced his son in the photo with the alien.

Scheffler's photo subsequently surfaced in the UFO-research community, where it was thought to be actual evidence of a captured extraterrestrial. This happened after an unknown informant, in May 1950, sent a clipping of the photo to the FBI, without noting its origin as an April fool spoof. The FBI duly filed away the photo and then released it to UFO researcher Barry Greenwood in 1979 after he filed a Freedom of Information Act request. The next year, 1980, the photo was included in The Roswell Incident, an alien-conspiracy book written by William Moore and Charles Berlitz.

Links and References
April Fool Categories: Germany, 1950, Photo Hoaxes, Extraterrestrials.
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All text Copyright © 2014 by Alex Boese, except where otherwise indicated. All rights reserved.