#11: Monkey-Head Transplant
Listed in chronological order. Newest comments at the end.
When Vladimir Demikhov unveiled his two-headed dogs in 1954, it inspired a strange kind of surgical arms race (or rather, head race) between the two superpowers. Eager to prove that its surgeons were actually the best in the world, the American government began funding the work of Robert White, who then embarked on a series of experimental surgeries, performed at his brain research center in Cleveland, Ohio, resulting in the world's first successful monkey-head transplant.
The head transplant occurred on March 14, 1970. It took White and his assistants hours to perform the carefully choreographed operation, separating a monkey's head from its body and reattaching it to a new body. When the monkey woke and found that its body had been switched for a new one, it angrily tracked White with its eyes and snapped at him with its teeth. The monkey survived a day and a half before succumbing to complications from the surgery. As bad as it was for the monkey, it could have been worse. White noted that, from a surgical point of view, it would have been easier to put the monkey's head on backwards.
White thought he should have been treated like a hero, but instead the public was appalled by what he had done. Nevertheless, White soldiered on, campaigning to raise support for a human head transplant. He toured with Craig Vetovitz, a near-quadriplegic, who volunteered to be the first to undergo the procedure. The public is still a long way from accepting the idea of human head transplants, but if White has his way, one day it will happen.
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How very extrordinary. I went to school with Craig Vetovitz. How amazing to run across a name from the past. I will only say that he suffered a terrible diving accident, leaving him partialy paralyized. Hes a nice guy who didnt deserve any of this.
Posted by Lesley on Fri Sep 14, 2007 at 07:38 PM
Considering the number of quadriplegics who die every year of organ failure and other complications unrelated to whatever trauma caused the paralysis, this is a line of experimentation which has the very real possibility of being able to save lives.
Posted by Franklin on Mon Sep 17, 2007 at 01:37 AM
From where would you get the spare bodies, though?
Posted by JK on Thu Sep 20, 2007 at 07:28 AM
" From where would you get the spare bodies, though? "
The only bodies which wouldn't have a head attached that wanted to be transplanted to another working body would be those whose heads/brains were incapable of being re-connected...
Posted by Simple on Thu Sep 20, 2007 at 01:40 PM
The source of bodies would presumably be of brain-dead people. Or people who need money.
Posted by John S in Berkeley, CA on Sat Sep 22, 2007 at 06:15 AM
Considering the current global bru-haha over organs for transplants, those two options you provide, specially the latter, makes me even more queasy at the prospect of this technique ever becoming available. How many people will be wrongfully declared brain dead, or worse, killed "because their family needed the money"?
This one is a prime example of "just because we can, doesn't mean we should".
Posted by JK on Sat Sep 22, 2007 at 10:40 PM
"From where would you get the spare bodies, though?"
from the brain dead, like Terri Schiavo. I know if I were in a persistent vegetative state, I'd want my body used for this.
Posted by guy on Mon Sep 24, 2007 at 04:35 AM
Why is the term "head transplant" or "brain transplant" so often used, when what we're really talking about is a body transplant? It is the person - the "I" - that get a new body, of course.
Posted by eovti in Sandefjord, Norway on Fri Sep 28, 2007 at 05:16 PM
talking 'bout existentialism eh
Posted by ade on Mon Nov 12, 2007 at 06:30 AM
It's been found by a few people who get transplants, that some physical and even some mental aspects of the transplant's previous owner sometimes gets transferred to the new owner. For example, some transplant recipients report that they start wanting certain kinds of food they never liked before, but which the donor liked. Less commonly, actual (but I presume somewhat blurry) ideas and "memories" occur to a few heart transplant recipients who don't recognize those memories as their own. There's a valid reason for this: the heart contains a lot of neurons, nearly or actually identical to some found in the brain, that actually store forms of "memories" useful to the heart.
Posted by John S in Berkeley, CA on Mon Nov 12, 2007 at 09:20 PM
I know lots of people that could benefit from a head transplant.....but who would the living rights go to? The head or the body?
Posted by headless horseman on Wed Nov 14, 2007 at 08:51 PM
I know lots of people who would benefit from a monkey head transplant, for that matter.
Posted by John S in Berkeley, CA on Thu Nov 15, 2007 at 04:20 AM
i think this is a frankenstien operation it wont work God would not allow such abomanations to take place the patient would certainly die due to complications where would the donors be??? i wouldnt want my body used in such experiments
and the monkey for Gods sake lets show some respect for his creations. not letting them suffer in such agony. i think dr. white is a lunatic that needs a head transplant and get a taste of his "brillant" medicine
Posted by tammy in virginia on Mon Nov 19, 2007 at 03:26 PM
"i think dr. white is a lunatic that needs a head transplant and get a taste of his "brillant" medicine"
Well, that's certainly a Christian thing to say.
Assuming there's a God that "wouldn't allow" something like this, what part wouldn't God allow? Transplanting human heads onto human bodies, or transplanting monkey heads onto human bodies (or vice versa)? The comments about transplants between monkeys and humans were just a joke, but I do agree with your comment about experimenting on monkeys who don't deserve it.
You have a right not to want your body used in experiments like this, but other people have the right to will their body to science. I don't think that's disrespectful.
Posted by John Sawyer in Berkeley, CA on Mon Nov 19, 2007 at 05:18 PM
I recall reading about this in a magazine back in 1970 (yes, I was a precocious, and weird, child).
I can't really see the concept of human head transplants being workable in the foreseeable future. It's hard not to start nominating people I think might benefit from one, though.
Posted by Big Gary in Big Spring, Texas on Thu Nov 29, 2007 at 07:32 PM
I remember watching a documentary on Robert White ages ago
It portrayed him as quite weird/scary and his experiments as dead-ends which hadn't made any real progress since the monkey head transplant
Wonder how much truth there was in it
Posted by spikyface in Birmingham, England on Sun Dec 02, 2007 at 01:27 AM
"From where would you get the spare bodies, though?"
ever heard of cloning?
Posted by the earth is flat on Thu Jan 03, 2008 at 12:15 AM
I am just concerned about getting last years model (body). If people really had a choice of which body they would get, do you think that a man of means (Say Donald Trump or 50 Cent) would be satisfied with an overweight and slightly balding model. Or would he hold out for that 20 something, testosarone pumping body that wouldnt have the need for viagra? Seariously though, this is an intruging prospect that has many ramifactions. Who is to say that you even need a body anyway? I mean if you are dying of lung cancer or any other dease, why not just drain your blood into a machine and have your head transplanted to the top of it? That way you could be around for Dick Clarks new years ball drop in 2075. Dick will be there. Will you?
Posted by pbj on Fri Jan 04, 2008 at 12:44 AM
Why is that society isn't more pragmatic. We are so afraid of ourselves. Research and science has a lot more to offer if we are willing. I guess I'm a bit crazy, but I think we are very closed minded and just plain stupid.
Body transplants... first off multiple organ transplants are very commen. It is only a small stretch to the entire body. In-fact the research done already with organ transplants could virtually guarantee success.
So where do you get the bodies? Brain-dead bodies would be the most prolific source. The next would be brain related diseases and tramaus such as stroke, and cancer fatalaties.
Again I would be aggressive in the pursuit of knowledge. Knowledge and experience are the only source of peace in this world, unfortunattley.
Meta-physically speaking, faith, friends and society are nice to rely on. But all of these things are limited by it's intelligence. How can society have intelligence? Groups and their members are an organization. Very similar to living entity. As such they have a body of knowledge and a learning rate.
The rules and behaviors of a group of people are determined by a right and wrong. The members all agree implicedly. The motivation of the members are the benefit from the leverage tthe group can exert. I'm sure I'm not the first to observe the behavior of groups as a living body. Now that I think about 2000 years ago ssomewhere in the mediterean, a man named Paul observed this. Remember, in this world nothing has the complete truth. Knowledge and the pursuit of knowledge is the faith I have. Lastly God and faith do have a role. But again, religous institues must be ccareful and understand it does not possess the Truth. The falibility of man is legendary.
Posted by Derek in Virginia Beach on Sat Jan 05, 2008 at 05:09 PM
one option for viable bodies to receive the transplanted heads that has yet to be discussed would be not only the brain dead or the clinically insane but there are plenty of unfortunate suicidal people that may sign up for the surgery.
Posted by zachary in louisville on Sun Feb 24, 2008 at 12:48 AM
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